See What New Research And Development Says About Arthritis [Rheumatoid Arthritis]

Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.

In Nigeria annual mortality rate for arthritis (per 100,000 people) while in the UK, around 10 million people have arthritis. It affects people of all ages, including children (see below).’

Types of arthritis

The two most common types of arthritis are:

• osteoarthritis

• rheumatoid arthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK, affecting around 8 million people.

It most often develops in adults who are in their late 40s or older. It’s also more common in women and people with a family history of the condition. However, it can occur at any age as a result of an injury or be associated with other joint-related conditions, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

The most commonly affected joints are those in the:

• hands
• spine
• knees
• hips

Rheumatoid arthritis

In Nigeria, Rheumatoid arthritis has uncommonly been reported among Africans and rarely among West Africans. Most of the reported cases have been from Southern Africa.

A recent awareness of increased reports of RA among Nigerians necessitated this study.

The objective of this retrospective study was to identify the clinical presentations, laboratory characteristics as well as treatment regimens of Nigerians presenting with rheumatoid arthritis to a private rheumatology clinic in Lagos, Nigeria.

This is a retrospective study of consecutive rheumatoid arthritis patients seen over a period covering 7 years and 10 months diagnosed using the ARA Criteria for RA.

Laboratory tests and radiographic investigations were carried out. It often starts when a person is between 40 and 50 years old. Women are three times more likely to be affected than men.

Rheumatoid and osteoarthritis are two different conditions. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system targets affected joints, which leads to pain and swelling.

 

We now understand far more about the process of inflammation, and this understanding has led to new and better forms of treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.

Some of these new treatments are already being tried. A lot of this research has been funded by Arthritis Research UK.

High-fibre diets reduce your risk of developing the condition by up to 61%. High-fibre diets significantly reduce the risk of developing arthritis, according to new research.

Those with the greatest fibre intake are up to 61 per cent less likely to develop the condition than those consuming the lowest amounts, a review of two studies found.

Eating lots of fibre, found in brown rice, potato skins and other vegetables, may also prevent existing knee pain from worsening, the researchers said.

Research is continuing, in particular to find out what causes rheumatoid arthritis and how we can cure it.

Arthritis Research UK has recently funded grants to identify new ways to treat rheumatoid arthritis and to help improve the way occupational therapy can help people with the condition.

One study will look at whether a molecule called VEGF is a new target for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

An exciting new development is, the rheumatoid arthritis pathogenesis centre of excellence. This centre will look at the following questions:

• Where and why does rheumatoid arthritis start?

• Why does it attack the joints?

• Why doesn’t it go away?

Visit Arthritis Research Uk for more details…

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